A smart city is a municipality that uses information and communication technologies (ICT) to increase operational efficiency, share information with the public and improve both the quality of government services and citizen welfare.
The definition of a smart town is different, but the goal is to maximize city functions and drive economic development. It also aims to improve quality of life by using data analysis and smart technology. Value is given to the smart city based on what they choose to do with the technology, not just how much technology they may have.
To determine a city’s intelligence, there are several factors. These characteristics include:
- a technology-based infrastructure;
- environmental initiatives;
- A highly functioning public transportation system
- Urban planning requires confidence and planning skills.
- People live, work, and use the city’s resources.
Smart cities’ success is dependent on their ability to establish strong relationships with the government and private sector. This is important because most work to create and maintain an environment that is digitally driven is done outside of government. Surveillance equipment for busy streets could include sensors from one company, cameras from another, and a server from yet another.
Additionally, contractors can be hired to analyze and report the data back to the city government. These data could lead to incorporating an app development team to help solve problems found in the data. If the solution needs to be updated and managed regularly, the company could join the system. A smart city’s success is more about building positive relationships than just completing a single project.
Smart city technology
Smart cities use a mix of software solutions, IoT devices, and user interfaces (UI). But they are primarily dependent on the IoT. The IoT is a network made up of connected devices such as cars, sensors, and appliances. These devices can communicate and exchange information. Data from the IoT sensors, devices, and devices are stored on the cloud or servers.
The connection of these devices and the use of data analytics (DA) facilitates the convergence of the physical and digital city elements, thus improving both public and private sector efficiency, enabling economic benefits, and improving citizen’s lives.
The IoT devices sometimes have processing capabilities called edge computing. Edge computing ensures that only relevant and essential information is sent over the communication network.
A firewall security system is also necessary for the protection, monitoring, and control of network traffic within a computing system. Firewalls prevent unauthorized access to data within smart cities networks.
These are just a few other smart-city technologies that you might be interested in:
- machine learning (ML)
- machine to machine (M2M)
- mesh network
- application programming interfaces (APIs)
- artificial intelligence (AI)
- cloud computing
Why smart cities are so important
A smart city’s primary objective is to create an urban environment that offers high-quality life for its residents and generates economic growth. Smart cities offer a significant advantage in facilitating increased delivery of services to citizens while requiring less infrastructure and lower costs.
As cities continue to grow in population, these areas must make more efficient use of their infrastructure and assets to accommodate this growing population. Smart city apps can help make these improvements, enhance city operations, and improve quality of life.
Smart city apps allow cities to discover and create value from their existing infrastructure. The improvements result in new revenue streams, operational efficiencies and help citizens and governments save money.